Bone grafting is a procedure often used to help repair bones that have sustained damage from a severe fracture or that have not had the chance to heal properly. Targeted grafting also works to fuse two adjoining bones to help the patient treat chronic pain. There are also many methods available for anyone seeking a bone graft procedure, including synthetic bone grafts, autografts, and allografts.
What is the Bone Harvesting Purpose?
When a patient gets this surgical procedure, it helps to promote the natural bone-making process in the body by:
- Helping to stimulate bone tissue growth and bridging gaps as a way to restore bone rigidity and strength.
- Applying substances within gaps in broken, weakened, or deficient bones to allow for added support.
Who Would Need Bone Grafting?
Autogenous bone harvesting and grafting could be necessary if the bones are not properly healing after a fracture or other damage. The patient could experience:
- Delayed Union – This is when there is fusion or bone healing that takes longer than expected.
- Malunion – This is when bones start to heal in an unnatural or abnormal position.
- Nonunion – This happens when bone fusion fails to occur.
There may also be other reasons someone would need a bone graft, including:
- Osteomyelitis, or bone infection
- Bone diseases, such as cancer or osteonecrosis
- Spinal fusion
- Congenital abnormalities like an abnormally small chin or uneven limbs
- Joint replacement surgery, which could require bone growth as a way to secure artificial joint placement
- Trauma, including major fractures that shatter the bones
- Dental bone graft, or jaw reinforcement, before receiving a tooth Implant
Different Bone Graft Types – What Would I Need?
There are several methods available today for bone grafting, which include:
The allograft method uses bone tissue from a donor. The graft is common for spinal fusion surgeries, and it offers a framework that allows healthy bone tissue growth.
This involves taking a sample of bone tissue from the top of the hip bone. The surgeon creates an incision to get the bone tissue, and it is used to boost the chances of a successful fusion. It is important to note that this can cause localized pain and the amount of tissue gathered is limited.
Bone Marrow Aspiration
Inside the bones, a spongy substance known as marrow contains progenitor cells and stem cells known for promoting healing from bone fractures. Samples are also taken from the top of the hip bone for this procedure.
Synthetic Bone Grafting
This is a graft that uses artificial materials that may contain proteins that aid in bone development.
There are many benefits to different types of bone grafting. For example, autografts have a low risk of infection and zero risk for disease transmission. Allografts do not take tissue from other bones, and there is no additional procedure required to gather bone tissue.
Do you want to know more about bone grafting and whether or not it will be right in your situation? Here at Avitus Orthopaedics, we are always developing innovative technology to revolutionize the world of reconstructive orthopedic surgeries. Give us a call at (860) 404-6476 or contact us online by clicking here.
Shelton CT 06484